Intraocular steroid injection is a treatment for diabetic macular enema. During the procedure, the areas of the retina away from the macula are treated with scattered laser burns. The damaged blood vessels are also not as effective at carrying oxygen to the retina, which can also cause damage. Between 40 and 45 percent of Americans diagnosed with diabetes have some stage of diabetic retinopathy, although only about half are aware of it. Proliferative diabetic retinopathy PDP. Robertson D expert opinion. This tiny area of extra-sharp vision is called the macula. Sec. 9. American Diabetes Association. In more advanced stages, the retina can become detached, causing blindness.
In about 10% of cases, diabetic macular oedema DBE may occur where blood vessels leak their contents into the macular region of the retina and this may cause a more rapid form of vision loss. All forms of diabetic eye disease have the potential to cause severe vision loss and blindness. Call your doctor if any of the following symptoms are new or are becoming worse: You cannot see well in dim light. If the vitreous haemorrhage is small, you may see a few new, dark floaters.